7 Best Practices for Physical Security in Manufacturing Facilities

In an increasingly interconnected world, the significance of physical security in manufacturing facilities cannot be overstated. 

According to Grand View Research, the global physical security market has been on a significant upswing, with a valuation of USD 127.01 billion in 2022. It is projected to continue its ascent with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.8% from 2023 to 2030. 

This growth is fueled by the pressing need to safeguard against a spectrum of threats, including crime, vandalism, potential burglaries, and theft incidents. The manufacturing sector, with its valuable assets, sensitive information, and critical infrastructure, stands as a prime target for security breaches. 

In this article, we will discuss seven best practices a manufacturing plant can employ to ensure proper physical security.

1. Implement a Robust Access Control System

An access control system is paramount in ensuring the physical security of manufacturing facilities. Such systems offer a multi-layered approach to regulating entry, protecting sensitive areas, and minimizing unauthorized access. 

Access control systems come in various forms, including key cards, biometrics, and PIN codes, each tailored to the specific security needs of a facility.

As highlighted by SourceSecurity.com, programmable key solutions have emerged as a versatile and powerful alternative. These systems provide the advantages of traditional mechanical security while enhancing user convenience. 

With programmable electronic keys, authorized personnel can access multiple openings – from doors to cabinets – both indoors and outdoors. This streamlines access for users, eliminating the need to carry bulky keychains and the hassle of searching for the right key.

2. Conduct Regular Security Assessments

Security assessments involve systematic evaluations of existing security protocols, identifying potential vulnerabilities, and devising strategies to address them effectively.

During these assessments, experts can evaluate access control systems, surveillance infrastructure, employee training programs, and emergency response protocols. Identifying weaknesses in these areas enables facilities to implement necessary improvements promptly. 

Additionally, these evaluations provide an opportunity to reassess security policies in light of industry standards and technological advancements. This ensures that security measures remain current and effective. Regular security assessments strengthen the facility’s defenses against potential threats and instill confidence among employees, stakeholders, and customers.

3. Use Visitor Management Software

Visitor management software has emerged as a vital tool in reinforcing the security of manufacturing facilities. This technology streamlines the process of registering and monitoring visitors, offering a comprehensive solution to address security concerns effectively. 

Visitor management software helps manufacturing facilities automate the check-in process, saving time and resources while ensuring accurate recording of visitor data.

This software not only enhances efficiency but also significantly contributes to security. 

Greetly notes that it allows for the creation of visitor badges and can integrate with access control systems to regulate visitor access to areas. Additionally, visitor movements within the facility are tracked in real-time, enabling security personnel to respond swiftly to any unusual or unauthorized activities.

Furthermore, in the event of an emergency, the software aids in evacuation procedures and headcount, ensuring the safety of all individuals within the facility.

4. Secure Perimeter Fencing and Lighting

The installation of secure perimeter fencing creates a clear boundary, acting as a deterrent against unauthorized access and potential intruders. It establishes a physical barrier that is vital in safeguarding valuable assets and sensitive information within the facility.

Moreover, well-designed lighting is essential, particularly during nighttime hours. Sufficient illumination not only discourages unauthorized individuals from approaching but also ensures clear visibility for security cameras and personnel. 

Adequate lighting minimizes shadows and blind spots, enabling surveillance systems to function optimally and enhancing the overall effectiveness of security measures. In combination with fencing, proper lighting acts as a proactive security feature, deterring potential threats and enhancing safety.

5. Install Surveillance Cameras

Strategic placement of surveillance cameras within manufacturing facilities, coupled with real-time monitoring, constitutes a pivotal aspect of security infrastructure. As highlighted by Security Magazine, these cameras offer a real-time view of critical areas such as perimeters, parking lots, entries, lobbies, and manufacturing floors.

However, managing video data from numerous cameras can overwhelm security teams. To address this challenge, built-in video analytics play a crucial role. They create alarms triggered by motion within pre-defined areas, although these alarms are often plagued by false positives.

Cloud-based event-driven analytics prove invaluable in this scenario. By filtering out non-threatening events and focusing on genuine human or vehicle motions, they significantly reduce false alarms. 

These systems offer swift installation, and compatibility with various camera types, and provide advanced features like loitering and crowd-forming detection. Moreover, artificial intelligence algorithms enable cross-camera object tracking, enhancing the overall efficiency of security operations. 

6. Have a Security Plan in Place

Having a comprehensive security plan is the backbone of an effective security strategy for manufacturing facilities. This plan serves as a detailed roadmap, outlining security procedures and responses to various scenarios, ensuring a proactive approach to safeguarding the facility.

The security plan should encompass access control policies, surveillance system guidelines, visitor management procedures, and employee training protocols. It should also delineate clear responses to security incidents, including unauthorized access, theft, or emergencies such as fires or natural disasters. 

Regular drills and training sessions can ensure that all employees are well-versed in executing the security protocols outlined in the plan. Furthermore, the plan should be adaptable, allowing for periodic revisions to address evolving security challenges and technological advancements.

7. Train Your Employees on Security Procedures

Educating the workforce about identifying and responding to potential threats, creates a proactive and vigilant environment. Employees should be equipped with the knowledge to recognize suspicious activities, unauthorized access attempts, or any unusual behavior within the premises.

Employees must also know how to effectively report security incidents to designated personnel or security teams promptly. Encouraging a culture of awareness ensures that every staff member becomes a valuable asset in the facility’s security network.

Additionally, regular refresher courses and simulated exercises can reinforce these skills, keeping employees alert and prepared. When employees are well-informed and engaged in the facility’s security protocols, they become active contributors to a safer work environment. This enhances overall security measures and reduces the risks associated with potential security threats.


The manufacturing sector’s commitment to physical security safeguards its valuable assets and intellectual property. Furthermore, security measures instill trust among employees, customers, and stakeholders. 

Through these measures, facilities can uphold their operational continuity and employee well-being. Ultimately, effective physical security in manufacturing is the foundation upon which productivity, prosperity, and peace of mind are built.

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